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Ahad, Januari 24, 2010

Prepositions

Words that show places time, movement, direction, manner, purpose, reason or relationship. Often occurs before nouns or pronouns.

There are a few classifications for preposition.

Simple

Compound

Phrase

at

about

According to

by

across

Along with

for

amidst

Away from

in

around

For the sake of

on

behind

In comparison to

off

beside

In addition to

up

inside

In favour of

out

within

In front of

to

above

In order to

from

along

In spite of

till

among

Instead of

with

before

Owing to

through

below

With reference to

between

outside


Preposition of Place or Position

§ The manager looked up when the secretary entered the office.

§ “Once upon a time, I was a rich man.”

§ No smoking is allowed within the school compound.

§ Some superstitious people don’t like to walk beneath ladders.

§ The toy car is under the chair.

§ Don’t lean against the wall.

§ Walk along the edge of the road.

§ The boys shared the food among themselves.

§ The security guard often walked around the compound at night.

§ We gazed at the view beyond the trees.

§ Lim went to Penang by ferry.

§ I went down on my knees to look for the ring.

§ They stayed inside the hut until the storm was over.

§ The bank is opposite the government offices.

§ I walk past the library every day on my way to school.

§ When my father was young, he went through a lot of hardship.

§ He found the lost ring underneath the sofa.

§ Don’t stand under a tree during a thunderstorm.

§ There is a bank across the river.

§ It’s between the post office and the supermarket.


NOTE:

A single place can be seen from different positions.

- We went to the river. (a point)

- We went down the river. (a line)

- The logs floated on the river. (a surface)

- We swam in the river. (an area or volume)


Preposition of Time

One point in time

Periods of time

Extended time (duration)

at

on, in

since, for, by

from…to

from…until

during, while

Example

The wedding reception will be on Sunday at 10 0’clock in the morning.

Example

They are leaving on Friday at 5 o’clock in the evening.

Example

Harry has been away from office for 2 months.

NOTE:

1. We use on with dates and days of the week.

E.g. on 30th January & on Sunday.

2. We use at with specific time of the day.

E.g. at 2 p.m., at half past one & at night.

in

by

for, within

before, after

the morning

June

1966

winter

28th February

2005

11 o’clock

Monday

20 minutes

5 days

a year

three hours

Monday

10 o’clock

next year

2006

§ The children visit their grandparents during the holidays.

§ He waited until the bus has moved before he crossed the road.

§ The office is closed on Sundays.

§ They work from 9.00 am to 5.00 pm.

§ He had lunch before he left.

§ Encik Ahmad has lived here for five years.

§ You can see me after office hours.

§ School starts at 7.30 am.

§ I have not seen Janet since we left school.

§ I jog in the evenings.


Preposition of Movement or Direction

§ The journey from Kuala Lumpur to Johor Bahru was pleasant.

§ The teacher walked round the classroom checking the students’ work.

§ The man jumped out of the burning house from the first floor.

§ My mother drives me to school everyday.

§ They walked away from the river.

§ He trekked through the jungle.

§ Sam threw the ball at his brother.

§ The boy fell down from the ladder.

§ We saw him going towards the library.

§ I saw shops along the way.

§ There were fruit stalls alongside the road.

§ We walked across the field.

§ Misha is walking down the stairs.

§ Dani is climbing up the ladder.

§ She puts the books into her bag.


Preposition of Manner

§ He shouted in anger when he saw the damaged car.

§ She wept in despair when her parents died.

§ They sighed with relief when the boy was rescued.

§ He watched with sadness at the loss of his house in fire.

§ He’s a good man at heart.

§ The parcel was delivered by hand.


Preposition of Purpose or Reason

The preposition for is used to show cause or reason.

§ He did it for his brother’s sake.

§ I am going for an interview.


Preposition of Relationship

The preposition of is shows that two nouns are related.

§ The handle of the door is broken.

§ What is the cost of a packet of sugar?

§ The ring is made of gold.

§ Selina is an old friend of mine.

§ My mother bought a bunch of bananas at the market.

§ A few of the books are missing.

1 ulasan:

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