(a) Nouns that can be counted are known as countable nouns. We can use ‘a few’, ‘several’, ‘many’ and ‘a large number of’ for these nouns.
- There are only a few pupils in the classroom.
- Several pages are missing from the book.
- We can do many things with the computer.
(b) Nouns that cannot be counted are known as uncountable nouns. We use ‘a little’, ‘much’, and ‘a large amount’ for these nouns.
- There is a little food left in the canteen.
- There isn’t much work to be done at home.
- There is a large amount of wheat in the sack.
(c) However, we can use ‘some’ ‘plenty of’ and ‘a lot of’ for both countable and uncountable nouns.
- Some children are playing in the playground.
- I saw a lot of people at the market.
- Rena spread some butter on a piece of bread.
(d) We use ‘any’ to ask about the amount or number of nouns.
- Do you have any pencils?
- Is there any water in the pond?
(e) We also use ‘any’ to show that there is no quantity.
- We couldn’t find any plates in the cupboard.
- There isn’t any water in the flask.
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